A ‘new wave of migrants’ has hit Europe’s shores, leaving tens of thousands stranded as the influx of migrants continues to grow

By Chris Williamson and Alex Smith, New Scientist (New Scientist)More than a million people have reached Europe this year from Africa, with most heading to the continent’s shores from Italy and Greece.

The United Nations refugee agency has recorded more than 2,300 deaths in the Mediterranean since the start of the year.

But a new wave of refugees is now hitting Europe’s doorstep.

More than 6,000 migrants have died trying to cross the Mediterranean this year, according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM).

Many of those who drowned are fleeing the war in Syria, where they are battling government forces.

Some have fled Syria’s civil war.

In Greece, where the government says some 1.5 million people are registered as refugees, a surge in people crossing the Aegean Sea has left many families and neighbourhoods on edge.

In some cities, people have been waiting for days for help to reach them from a camp on the Greek island of Lesbos.

In other places, there are signs of an uptick in refugees.

More:More:The number of people crossing into Europe from the Middle East has nearly doubled since the beginning of the crisis in the Middle Kingdom.

The International Organization of Migration says at least 3,000 people have died crossing the Mediterranean so far this year.

The IOM said the number of migrants attempting to reach Europe has more than doubled in the first nine months of this year compared to the same period in 2015.

The organisation said the numbers have increased at a rate of roughly three per cent a month, with nearly two-thirds of the arrivals originating from Syria.

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